Dental Cleanings

Even if you brush and floss at home and you feel like your oral hygiene is excellent, you still need to consult your dentist and dental hygienist for regular check-ups and cleanings at least twice a year or as often as your dental professional recommends it.

At your cleaning appointments, your dentist will do an examination to take a look at your teeth and at your mouth in general. He/She will look for signs of cavities or any other problems or pathologies that may affect your mouth and its surrounding tissues. They may ask the dental hygienist to take x-rays in order to see in between your teeth, the roots of the teeth or your jaw bone.

A dental hygienist will then perform your cleaning. The cleaning is done to remove the plaque and tartar from your teeth. It is an important treatment to help maximize your oral health. Your dental hygienist will also evaluate your oral hygiene and give you tips on how to obtain better oral health.

Dental plaque is formed by bacteria and sugar. It sticks to your teeth and to your fillings, but it can also stick to bridges, crowns, veneers, orthodontic appliances, dentures, and any other material present in your mouth. It is usually white to yellow. It is constantly forming, therefore you need to remove it daily with brushing and flossing.

Dental tartar is formed from a combination of plaque, food debris and minerals from the saliva. This forms a hard deposit that is white to brown in color. The tartar can only be removed by a professional. Tartar can form on the visible surface of the teeth (supra-gingival) or on the surface of the teeth that is under the gums (sub-gingival).

The treatment:

During the cleaning, your dental hygienist will use instruments that are especially made to remove tartar and plaque from your teeth. We call these instruments scalers. Your dental hygienist will try to remove all the tartar deposits from your teeth but sometimes, tartar can be very far underneath the gums. If you are very sensitive, your hygienist may recommend a deep cleaning which would be done under local anesthetic.

At your cleaning appointments, your dental professional will make sure to evaluate your gums for any presence of infection, inflammation and disease. A probe will be used in order to take measurements to evaluate your gum attachment.

Your dental hygienist will finish with polishing your teeth to remove any remaining plaque and stains.

A professional cleaning is an optimal way to improve and maintain proper oral hygiene and help you to prevent cavities as well as keep your gums free from infection.